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How to Install Tomcat on Mac

Tomcat

How to Install Tomcat 7 on Mac

Step 1: Download and Install Tomcat
  1. Goto http://tomcat.apache.org ⇒ Download ⇒ Tomcat 7.0 ⇒ 7.0.{xx} (where {xx} denotes the latest release) ⇒ Binary distribution ⇒ Core. Download the “tar.gz” package (e.g., “apache-tomcat-7.0.{xx}.tar.gz“).
    • Goto “~/Downloads“, double-click the downloaded TAR file (e.g., “apache-tomcat-7.0.{xx}.tar.gz“) to expand it into a folder (e.g., “apache-tomcat-7.0.{xx}“).
      (Notes for Advanced Users)
      Alternatively, you can use the tar command to expand the tarball as follow:

      $ cd ~/Downloads
      $ tar xvf apache-tomcat-7.0.{xx}.tar.gz
    • Move the extracted folder (e.g., “apache-tomcat-7.0.{xx}“) to “/Applications“.
    • Rename the folder “tomcat”, for ease of use.
  2. (Notes for Advanced Users):

    • It is probably better to keep the tomcat in “/usr/local” or “/Library”.
    • Instead of renaming the tomcat’s folder, it it better to create a symlink called tomcat as follows:
      $ cd /Applications
      $ sudo ln -s apache-tomcat-7.0.{xx} tomcat
    • For security reason, you should not run Tomcat as root user. Instead, assign Tomat to user nobody (of group nobody):
      $ sudo chown -R nobody:nobody /Applications/tomcat
      // -R: recursive thru sub-directories
      // {user}:{group}


      // To start tomcat as user nobody

      $ cd /Applications/tomcat/bin
      $ sudo -u nobody ./startup.sh // No console message
      $ sudo -u nobody ./catalina.sh run // See console message

      // To stop tomcat
      $ sudo -u nobody ./shutdown.sh

Step 2: Configure Tomcat Server

Read this to Configure Tomcat Server

Step 3: Start the Tomcat Server

To start the Tomcat server, open a new “Terminal” (Go ⇒ Utilities ⇒ Terminal) and issue:

$ cd /Applications/tomcat/bin
$ ./catalina.sh run

Check for the Tomcat server’s TCP port number from the console messages. The default is 8080.

To verify if the Tomcat server is started, start a browser (Safari or Chrome) and issue URL http://localhost:9999, suppose that Tomcat is running on the TCP port number of 9999.

Step 4: Shutdown the Tomcat Server

To shutdown the Tomcat server, you can simply press control-c (NOT command-c) on the tomcat console, or issue command:

$ cd /Applications/tomcat/bin
$ ./shutdown.sh



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Jay Prakash Kumar
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